In the current times, jewellery has now become the demand of everyone. Due to this increased demand, marketers feel the need to open more jewellery shops because they see a potential to penetrate in the market and thus a number of shops have now opened. It can be safely said that almost every other street has jewellery shop. Jewellery items are now extensively manufactured for different parts of the body using different metals. The manufacturing process includes advanced technology and extensive research. It is a composite process which is a set of long and slow procedures from the initial to the ending point.
First of all, the components of the jewellery pass through multiple processes. The jewelleries are formed by casting machines except for the personalized handcrafted ones. The numbers of processes that are included in jewellery making are design making, molding, casting, polishing, embellishing, finishing and polishing. Design making is the first step to produce the unique piece of jewellery. The talented designers first make the sketch of the design. The proficient craftsmen carry out the process of blueprint designing using different techniques. Each piece of jewellery has a concept of the designer behind its design and the final design is made by the cooperation of the designer and craftsmen. This designer concept is then used by the model maker to create the jewellery piece.
The master piece of jewellery is used to make a high technology mold of the design. This mold is made of wax which is exact replica of the sketch. The material is then passed through the molding process where the profession molders turn the sketch to a master mold which acts as a base for the total process. The master molds are a very complex process because the final piece depends on the master mold. Casting is again a complex process. The experienced and professional casters are required to get a final product. the wax replicas are put in steel containers in which investment powder is then filled and those containers are heated at 500 0C. The powder gets solidified and the wax is melted leaving behind a perfect effect.
The liquefied metal is poured into flasks allowed to cool and is demolished to get a jewellery piece in casting form. The next stage is polishing. Every part has to be polished while the mount is being made. The mount is carefully cleaned and polished to maximum smoothness. After stage setting all tinctures of polishing compounds and rouge must be removed either by washing by hand or by using supersonic cleaning baths. Next the embellishing process starts. When the pieces are casted and foiled an assortment of the gemstones is cut to size. In the finishing department the pieces are foiled to give a soft and smooth finish. These castings are then hand finished and the adjustments and settings are done.
Finally the plating is done by electro-deposition, rhodium, copper, chromium, or other metals by passing an electric current through a solution and then channelizing the plating material from the piece of pure metal to the object set aside in solution. After this process, each piece is checked for any defects and we get a final jewellery piece. Diamond and kundan jewellery has a different set of processes.